CAN OVARIAN CYSTS AFFECT YOUR ABILITY TO GET PREGNANT?

You must have heard about the problem of ovarian cysts in women. What actually are the ovarian cysts and what problems can they cause to a woman having them? Ovarian cysts are small liquid filled bags inside your ovaries which form as part of your normal menstrual cycle. However, in cases, they can persist beyond this normal presence or be in numbers greater than their expected frequency to cause certain undesirable signs and symptoms. These symptoms include bleeding from your vagina and/or pain in your lower abdomen. 

To have a greater understanding of ovarian cysts and if they can affect your ability to become pregnant, let us first consider the types of cysts which can develop in the ovaries. 


First of all are the physiological or functional cysts which we just described above which are totally normal and you do not need to worry about. Then there are the cystadenomas which are tumorous but fortunately benign in nature. Then there are the dermoid cysts which unlike the other cysts we just described are not fluid filled but are composed to any tissue of the body like the bony, hair or thyroid tissue. Although being tumorous in nature like the cystadenomas, they are benign as well. All of the ovarian cysts we have described by now do not have the potential to affect your fertility and do not require much treatment if they are not producing any undesirable symptoms. 

Now let us have a look at the ovarian cysts having a potential to render you infertile or reduce the chances of a pregnancy. One of them is the endometrioid cysts which contain the tissue lining the inside of a woman’s uterus in them. As such, they are filled with blood like material inside them and carry a good potential to reduce a woman’s fertility that is having them. The most common cysts are those of the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, abbreviated as PCOS which result in a significant reduction in a woman’s fertility. PCOS is a result of hormonal imbalance and along with cysts in the ovaries; it results in a number of other accompanying signs and symptoms like hirsutism (growth of hair on body and face), irregular menstrual cycle, acne on the face and increase in body weight. A woman having the above mentioned set of symptoms is often suspected of having a polycystic ovarian syndrome and a detailed clinical examination and help from diagnostic modalities like an ultrasound usually establishes the diagnosis. 

Now that you know what actually ovarian cysts are, you must be wondering how they can affect your fertility. The answer to this is that since these cysts occupy most part of your ovaries, they inhibit your eggs from being released thereby preventing a pregnancy. They also keep on rupturing which causes infections in various components of your reproductive tract and therefore even if you get pregnant, they make your pregnancy difficult. 

The good news is that ovarian cysts are manageable in being quite easy to diagnose and later on treated with appropriate measures. They can be addressed surgically by an operation for their removal. There are a number of medicines which are effective in treating the PCOs and its accompanying symptoms like hair growth and obesity. Your doctor can offer you a hormone therapy for the condition as well. Your doctor will also advise you to reduce your weight as a part of the treatment for PCOs. With proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment, you can significantly increase your chances of getting pregnant and having a safe and sound one. So you need not worry about ovarian cysts as a lot of help in available in this regard. 

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