The biology of Conception.
This is what happens when you conceive.
During conception find out what’s happening inside you when you fall pregnant. After an egg cell has been fertilised by a sperm cell, it will travel to the uterus and be implanted to its inner wall. As the egg travels to the uterus, the egg cell undergoes several cell divisions called meiosis. Due to the increase hormonal level, the uterine environment is suited to bear the fertilized egg. The uterus undergoes certain changes in order to hold the fertilized egg. After 7 days after ovulation, the endometrium thickens and the glands become larger and have more secretions. This thick layer of the endometrium is called decidua. The decidua sheds off and flushes outside the uterus as menstruation when no pregnancy arises. In pregnancy, deciduas continue to thicken, covering the entire uterine wall. Pinopodes or finger-like projections appear on the endometrium that helps in holding the egg. The egg will then plant itself to the uterine wall by burrowing.
Do you bleed when you conceive?
When the egg has been successfully implanted to the uterus, it will then receive oxygen and nutrients from the mother via the glands in the womb. Some women experience signs of implantation. Due to the egg’s burrowing, the uterine wall is slightly wounded causing bleeding. This bleeding is called implantation spotting. This bleeding usually appears as a light brown or pink stain in the underwear as compared to the red color of menstrual blood. Others may confuse it as menstruation for it usually appears a few days or a week before the menstruation due. Because of this, other women ignore it and do not know that they are already pregnant unless they take a pregnancy test.
Some women experience abdominal cramps during implantation. This cramping can be felt more often during the evening than the day. Some women may experience cramping for only a short duration while others may feel the cramps longer.
There is also a sudden change in the basal body temperature of the woman. For those women who are monitoring their basal body temperature, they can notice a sudden change, as the egg implants to the uterus, the temperature drops then followed by a drastic increase in the temperature.
There is no specific test that can be used to identify implantation. A pregnancy test is usually done to identify if the woman is pregnant. When implantation takes place, the body produces a hormone called Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG). This hormone is being detected in the pregnancy test. HCG levels increase each day after implantation.
Above is the normal process of implantation of a fertilized egg. However, there are some conditions when a fertilized egg does not implant itself to the uterus. There are some cases when the egg was implanted on another site instead on the uterus. Some implant on the fallopian tubes and other places of the body, this case is called ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is a dangerous condition for it poses threat to the baby and the mother. Usually, ectopic pregnancy never succeeds for other parts of the body aside from the uterus are not suitable to carry a developing child.
*** The information contained here is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment in any manner. Always seek the advice of your doctor with any questions you may have regarding any medical condition.